Musicopedia >> Artists >> Music-Directors/Composers >> Kalyanji-Anandji
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Brief Biography

Kalyanji-Anandji are a legendary composer duo, renowned for their work particularly in action movies of the 70s.

 

Brothers born to a grocery store owner, Kalyanji-Anandji were one of the hit music director duos of Bollywood. The duo spent their formative years in the settlement of Girgaum, Mumbai amidst Marathi and Gujarati surroundings. Kalyanji-Anandji commenced music training from a teacher, who taught them to compensate for paying his bills to their father.

 

From the brothers, Kalyanji was the first to commence his innings in Bollywood. He started off with then new electronic instrument, the clavioline used for the famous ‘Nagin Been’, in the film Nagin.
Few years later, Kalyanji, started an orchestral group with Anandji called Kalyanji Virji and Party that organized musical shows across Mumbai and other areas. This stands as the first attempt of a live musical show in India.

 

Kalyanji-Anandji's Bollywood entry was feted as a major turning point in the industry. A time when music biggies like Hemant Kumar, Madan Mohan, S.D. Burman et al ruled the industry, gaining a strong foothold was difficult, but Kalyanji-Anandji swept a million hearts in spite of the tough competition.

 

Samrat Chandragupta starring Bharat Bhushan and Nirupa Roy came by as Kalyanji’s first film that featured hit songs like ‘Chahe Paas Ho’ that are reminisced even today. This was followed by films like Post Box 999. The Kalyanji-Anandji duo forayed in full form with films like Satta, Bazar and Madari.  The success of Himalay Ki God Mein and Jab Jab Phool Khile, established them as the most celebrated composers of the times.

 

Kalyanji-Anandji worked on over 250 films, 17 of which were golden jubilees and 39 silver. The brothers brought about a completely new phase in Bollywood music as they organized several charitable concerts in India and abroad with some of the biggies in business like Amitabh Bachchan, Dilip Kumar, Sridevi, Anil Kapoor, Vinod Khanna, Rekha and others.

 

They also played a major role in discovering new talents and grooming them, as well. Before rising to fame, composers Laxmikant Pyarelal, worked as assistants to Kalyanji-Anandji. The duo also helped introduce lyricists like Qamar Jalalabadi, Anand Bakshi, Gulshan Bawra, Anjaan, Verma Malik and M G Hashmat. Sadhna Sargam, Kumar Sanu, Alka Yagnik, Sapna Mukherjee, Udit Narayan, Sunidhi Chauhan that stand as the most coveted names today were also in fact brought to the limelight by Kalyanji-Anandji.

 

In the late 90s, they launched three albums in the international markets. While Bombay the Hard Way: Guns, Cars and Sitars was a fusion album mixed by DJ Dan The Automator; Bollywood Funk was an Outcaste compilation album by Sutrasonic DJs Harv and Sunni. The Beginners Guide To Bollywood was compiled by John Lewis from Time Out magazine. The albums focused on Kalyanji -Anandji tracks from 1970s films.

 

On August 24, 2000, Kalyanji left for his heavenly abode and post his demise, brother Anandji continues to train and promote young talent by the name Little Stars.


Debut Year

1959



Discography

1956:     Bajrangbali
1958:    Samrat Chandragupt
1958:    Post Box 999
1959:    Satta Bazaar
1959:    O Tera Kya Kahna
1959:    Madari
1959:    Ghar Ghar Ki Baat
1959:    Bedard Zamana Kya Jane
1960:    Dil Bhi Tera Hum Bhi Tere
1960:    Chhalia
1961:    Payaase Panchhi
1961:    Passport
1962:    Mehndi Lagi Mere Haath
1963:    Phool Bane Angaare
1963:    Bluff Master
1964:    Ji Chahta Hai
1964:    Ishaara
1964:    Dulha Dulhan
1964:    Majboor
1965:    Saheli
1965:    Purnima
1965:    Jab Jab Phool Khile
1965:    Himalay Ki Godmein
1965:    Johar-Mehmood in Goa
1966:    Preet Na Jane Reet
1966:    Johar in Kashmir
1967:    Upkar
1967:    Raaz
1967:    Dil Ne Pukara
1967:    Aamne Samne
1968:    Teen Bahuraniyan
1968:    Suhaag Raat
1968:    Saraswatichandra
1968:    Parivar
1968:    Juaari
1968:    Haseena Maan Jayegi
1968:    Baazi
1969:    Vishwas
1969:    Tamanna
1969:    Raja Saab
1969:    Nannha Farishta
1969:    Mahal
1969:    Ek Shrimaan Ek Shrimati
1969:    Bandhan
1970:    Yaadgaar
1970:    Safar
1970:    Purab Aur Paschim
1970:    Priya
1970:    Mere Humsafar
1970:    Holi Ayee Re
1970:    Ghar Ghar Ki Kahani
1970:    Geet
1970:    Aansoo Aur Muskan
1970:    Sachaa Jhutha
1970:    Kab? Kyoon? Aur Kahan?
1970:    Johny Mera Naam
1971:    Preet Ki Dori
1971:    Paras
1971:    Maryada
1971:    Kathputli
1971:    Kangan
1971:    Johar Mehmood in Hong Kong
1971:    Hum Tum Aur Woh
1971:    Upaasna
1971:    Chhoti Bahu
1971:    Rakhwala
1972:    Maalik
1972:    Janwar Aur Insaan
1972:    Hari Darshan
1972:    Ek Hasina Do Diwane
1972:    Apradh
1972:    Lalkaar
1972:    Joroo Ka Ghulam
1972:    Victoria No. 203
1973:    Samjhauta
1973:    Kashmakash
1973:    Kahani Kismat Ki
1973:    Heera
1973:    Ghulam Begam Badshah
1973:    Ek Kunwari Ek Kunwara
1973:    Black Mail
1973:    Agni Rekha
1973:    Banarasi Babu
1973:    Gopi
1973:    Zanjeer
1974:    Vachan
1974:    Paap Aur Punya
1974:    Hum Rahi
1974:    Har Har Mahadev
1974:    Anjaan Raahen
1974:    Albeli
1974:    Kora Kagaz
1974:    Kasauti
1974:    5 Rifles
1974:    Patthar Aur Payal
1974:    Haath Ki Safai
1975:    Zorro
1975:    Uljhan
1975:    Himalay Se Ooncha
1975:    Apne Dushman
1975:    Anokha
1975:    Rafoo Chakkar
1975:    Dharmatma
1975:    Chori Mera Kaam
1975:    Faraar
1976:    Shankar Shambhu
1976:    Rangila Ratan
1976:    Lagaaam
1976:    Ek Se Badhkar Ek
1976:    Do Anjaane
1976:    Bhoola Bhatka
1976:    Bajrangbali
1976:    Bairaag
1976:    Adalat
1976:    Kalicharan
1976:    Khaan Dost
1976:    Hera Pheri
1976:    Kabeela
1977:    Yaaron Ka Yaar
1977:    Naami Chor
1977:    Kasum Khoon Ki
1977:    Kalabaaz
1977:    Farishta Ya Qatil
1977:    Chakkar Pe Chakkar
1977:    Aakhri Goli
1977:    Khoon Pasina
1977:    Khel Khilari Ka
1977:    Hira Aur Patthar
1977:    Hatyara
1978:    Rahu Ketu
1978:    Karmayogi
1978:    Besharam
1978:    Atithee
1978:    Anjaam
1978:    Nasbandi
1978:    Ganga Ki Saugand
1978:    Aakhri Daku
1978:    Don
1978:    Anjane Mein
1978:    Do Musafir
1978:    Trishna
1978:    Muqaddar Ka Sikandar
1978:    Chor Ke Ghar Chor
1979:    Bagula Bhagat
1979:    Guru Ho Jaa Shuru
1979:    Ahisma
1980:    Sau Din Saas Ke
1980:    Bombay 405 Miles
1980:    Kashish
1980:    Qurbani
1980:    Neeyat
1980:    Jwalamukhi
1981:    Professor Pyarelal
1981:    Katilon Ke Kaatil
1981:    Krodhi
1981:    Lawaaris
1981:    Itni Si Baat
1981:    Yeh Rishta Na Tootay
1981:    Khoon Ka Rishta
1982:    Log Kya Kahenge
1982:    Do Guru
1982:    Raj Mahal
1982:    Vidhaata
1983:    Haadsaa
1983:    Taqdeer
1983:    Nastik
1983:    Ghungroo
1983:    Kalaakaar
1984:    Raaj Tilak
1985:    Karishma Kudrat Kaa
1985:    Ek Chitthi Pyar Bhari
1985:    Pighalta Aasman
1985:    Yudh
1986:    Baat Ban Jaye
1986:    Chameli Ki Shaadi
1986:    Sultanat
1986:    Pahunchey Huwe Log
1986:    Janbaaz
1986:    Nasihat
1987:    Imaandaar
1987:    Kalyug Aur Ramayan
1987:    Hiraasat
1987:    Thikana
1988:    Saazish
1988:    Falak (The Sky)
1988:    Mohabbat Ke Dushman
1988:    Rukhsat
1988:    Mahaveera
1989:    Galiyon Ka Badshah
1989:    Daata
1989:    Tridev
1989:    Jaadugar
1990:    Pyaar Ka Toofan
1990:    C.I.D.
1991:    Pratigyabadh
1991:    Iraada
1991:    Zaher
1991:    Kaun Kare Kurbanie
1991:    Dharam Sankat
1994:    Saboot Mangta Hain Kanoon
1994:    Ulfat Ki Nayee Manzilen



Awards

1965: Cine Music Directors Award - Himalay Ki God Mein

 

1968: First National Award – Saraswatichandra

 

1974: Filmfare Award – Kora Kagaz
1978: First Platinum Disc by HMV – Muqaddar Ka Sikandar

 

1980: 1st Platinum Disc by Polydor - Qurbani

 

1992: IMPPA Award –- For Contribution to Films

 

2003: IIFA Award (South Africa) - - Lifetime Achievement Award

 

2004: Sahara Parivar Award (United Kingdom) - - Lifetime Achievement Award

 

2006: BMI Award (United States) - - For Grammy Award-winning rap song "Don't Phunk with My Heart"

 

Padmashree by the Government of India - For Outstanding Contribution.

Trivia

Trivia

Kalyanji-Anandji’s songs repeatedly entered the top popularity ratings of Binaca Geetmala and topped the list several times.

Their composition ‘Pal bharke liye’ was used in an episode of The Simpsons.
Remixed version of the song ‘Apni Toh Jaise Taise’, originally from the 1981 film Laawaris was used in the 2010 Bollywood film Housefull.

In 2005, The Black Eyed Peas's ‘Don't Phunk with My Heart’ used music pieces from two of their songs - ‘Ae Naujawan’ from the 1972 film Apradh and ‘Yeh Mera Dil’ from the 1978 film Don, that won them a Grammy Award.