Musicopedia >> History >> Folk music of Madhya Pradesh
Folk music of Madhya Pradesh
Evolution
Madhya Pradesh state music includes rural folk, tribal music, ceremonial and ritual music and Indian classical music. Unlike some of the other states in India, the people of Madhya Pradesh place few restrictions on who can sing which songs. For the exception of a few ritualistic works, people are allowed to sing songs irrespective of ethnic and racial status.The original tunes of folk music of Madhya Pradesh are mostly preserved in the ritualistic and ceremonial songs of the countryside women. Genres: Rural, Folk, Lavani, Tribal, Devotional

Trends
In Bastar, the Muria and Sing Maria tribes are known for relo songs sung by children. Batsar is also home to the dhankul songs associated with invoking Danteshwari, a goddess. Around Jagdalpur, leha songs are popular as part of a ritual for the departure of a loved one. Bundelkhand and Baghelkand are known for semi-historical songs devoted to Hardaul and other deities. Many songs in this area were written by the poet Isuri. During the rainy season, the Pai songs sung are accompanied by a saira dance,The Kamar people are known for a kind of marriage song, often addressed to legendary trumpeter Moharia.In the beginning of the 18th century the Lavani came to Malwa along with the Marathas. The Nirguni Lavani (philosophical) and the Shringari Lavani (erotic) are the two types, which are popular in the south of Nimad. The Panwaras are sung by the rural folk in a quick tempo. The songs of the folk poet Sukhai of the Chambal ravines of Bhind and Morena districts are full of verve. The land adjoining the Braj-speaking zone is rich in love songs. The impact of Braj music is obvious on the people of Gwalior.A large portion of Malwa and Nimad is inhabited by the Adivasis. The songs of the Bhils, which accompany their dances and the songs of their festivals and nuptial ceremonies give a glimpse of their lives. The Bhils always sing in groups. The folk musical modes of Malwa are suited to different occasions. The music of the songs sung at the time of sacrifice or rituals in remote villages are of awe, while tunes of the Jhoola songs clearly convey the swinging movement. The notes of the raga Bhoop are evident in the Garbi songs of Nimad.

Trivia
•    One can find various kinds of drums throughout Madhya Pradesh, including the large drums of Bastar, the dhols and mandals played by the Bhils, the Muria parang and the ghera, damahu, timki, tasa, chang and dphala.

•    The bans is an aerophonic instrument unique to Madhya Pradesh, about four feet in length, made of bamboo, and played by the Rawats.